Vinyl Fence Installation Guide

Installation On A Slope

Variable Terrain Installation

Variable Terrain Installation Instructions [pdf] 142kb

There are two existing methods for installing a fence on variable sloping terrains - stepping or racking. If you need more help, please call us toll free at 1 (800) 213-2539.

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Stepping Method

With the stepping method, the rails remain horizontal and the posts are extended to accomodate the variance in terrain. Longer end posts should be used and can be field cut to accept rails.

stepping method

Racking Method - 10° or less

With the racking method, the horizontal rails will follow the sloping terrain. Most fence styles will rack naturally up to 10° (or 2' rise per foot) without enlarging picket or rail holes. Refer to the natural racking chart to determine which styles will rack naturally.

raching method

Natural Racking Chart

Fence Style

Maximum Slope / Rise foot

Maximum Angle

Contemporary

2"

10°

Traditional

Will rack indefinitely, see note below.

Post & Rail

2" with 8' long rail

10°

Privacy

6 3/4"

35°

Note: on severe slopes it is recommended that end posts be used and field cut to achieve proper rail positioning. If more rack is required, rail and picket holes will have to be enlarged. On severe slopes the rails and pickets may need to be cut. Hole enlargement can be done with a file or saber saw.

Racking Method - 10° or greater

When installing a fence on a slope that is greater than 10 degrees, it is necessary to enlarge the holes in the posts and rails. It is also necessary to miter the rails and pickets to allow for the angle. Refer to the maximum slope chart for various fence styles. Posts must be closer together when measured with a level string line to attain even picket spacing at end of fence sections.

Maximum Slope Chart

Fence Style

Maximum Slope / Rise foot

Maximum Angle

Contemporary

6 3/4'

35°

Traditional

6 5/16'

32°

Post & Rail

6 3/4'

35°

Privacy

6 3/4"

35°

SPECIAL NOTE: SOCKET GATES WILL NOT RACK

Calculate Rise / Foot Angle

To determine the hole enlargement size, first calculate the slope rise / foot or the angle of the slope. Refer to the diagram and examples.

calculate rise and foot angle

1. Measure section length in inches.

2. Determine section rise by using line level and measuring vertical rise (measure rise in inches).

3. Divide rise by section length to get rise per inch.

4. Multiply by 12 to determine rise per foot.

5. Once you have determined the rise per foot or angle, refer to the hole enlargement size chart.

EXAMPLE: 24" rise (divided) 96" length = 25 rise per inch = 3" rise per foot.

Hole Enlargement Size Chart

Rise Per Foot

7/8 x 1 1/2" Picket

7/8 x 3" Picket

2 x 4" Rail

Angle

2" or less

1 1/2"

3"

3 1/2"

10°

3"

1 9/16"

3 1/8"

3 5/8"

15°

4"

1 5/8"

3 1/4"

3 13/13"

20°

5"

1 11/16"

3 3/8"

3 15/16"

25°

6"

1 13/16"

3 1/2"

4 1/8"

30°

7"

1 15/16"

3 3/4"

4 3/8"

35°

Enlarge Holes

Use a saber saw to enlarge rail hole in post example: Material removed from rail hole for slope 10° or greater.

enlarge holes

Post Selection

For a steady sloping terrain, use end post or blank posts. Mark posts and make holes on opposite side to allow rail alignment on both sides of posts.

post selection

For variable sloping terrain, use line posts and enlarge rail holes.

Hole Cutting

hole cutting

Determine hole size required.
Mark hole cut out on post in correct location.
Drill 4 holes in corners, same as radius required.
Cut along straight lines with a saber saw.
Clean holes with a file.